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Sapori Tipici Toscani
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Sapori Tipici Toscani
Sapori Tipici Toscani

Chianciano Terme

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Of Etruscan origins, Chianciano Terme is a small town immersed in the green Tuscan hills to the south of Siena, between Val d’Orcia and Val di Chiana, not far from the border with Umbria. A number of historians indicate that in antiquity Chianciano was known as Clancianum, meaning “this side of the Chiana”. The first documents in which the name Chianciano appears date from the 12th century, however: an 1171 act of donation and a document from 1230 in which the town is referred to as a Comune.

Siena Online Chianciano Terme (Siena)
Chianciano Terme (Siena)

During the Middle Ages Chianciano Terme was for many years under the governance of the Counts Rimbotti-Manenti (1230-1280), who were eventually deposed and expelled after having successfully reduced the village to poverty.

In 1287 Chianciano became a free comune and divided into districts/classes known as Terzieri. The Terziero dei Borghesi was made up of traders and businessmen. Then there were the Terziero dei Militi o Cavalieri and the Terziero dei Pedoni, which was composed of craftsmen, farmers and servants. After a period of relative prosperity, in the 15th and 16th century Chianciano once more fell on difficult times. Rivalry with nearby Montepulciano added to the devastation brought in 1476 by an outbreak of the Plague, which followed an earlier outbreak in 1348. Eventually the town was conquered by Florentine troops and rebuilt under Cosimo I de’ Medici.

Following research carried out in the 17th century by the hydrologist Andrea Baccio, Chianciano began to be appreciated for the curative effects of its waters. With the building of the first spa centres, the town’s development became inextricably tied to its thermal baths. Today Chianciano is one of Europe’s best known spa towns. Its mild climate and idyllic position are the perfect setting for the many villas and gardens that have sprung up here, not to mention a number of modern hotels that are equipped to cater for the growing numbers of tourists that come here every year, attracted by the possibility of enjoying an alternative form of holiday that caters for both body and mind.

With its three different thermal water springs – Santa, Fucoli and Sillene – Chianciano  is unique as a spa town. The Acqua Santa emerges from the soil at a temperature of 33°C and is particularly indicated for disorders of the liver and bile ducts, as well as for chronic gall bladder inflammations and for improving digestion. The Acqua Fucoli emerges at a temperature of 16.5°C and is excellent for rebalancing the intestines, activating diuresis and reducing inflammations of the gastro-duodenal mucosa. The Acqua Sillene, which some believe is named after the Etruscan god Sethlas, others after Silla, emerges at a temperature of 38.5°C and is mainly used for mud therapy around the liver and for immersions. Sant’Elena, at 13°C, is another spring also at Chianciano and indicated for conditions of the kidneys and stomach infections. This water increases diuresis and improves digestion.

From Chianciano Terme, Viale della Libertà leads to the old village of Chianciano within the walls. Porta Rivellini opens onto the castle of the Conti Manenti, better known as the Monastero. At the end of the street rises the Torre dell’Orologio, which commands magnificent views over the surrounding countryside, as far as the snow-capped peaks of Monte Cetona and Monte Amiata. After the clock tower there is the main square, Piazza Matteotti, where there is also the Associazione Geo-Archeologica. A number of works have been carried out in recent years in an effort to improve communication between the old village and the new spa town – two quite different entities that nonetheless share a common historical and artistic heritage.



  General information
Town map 
Siena in the Renaissance 
Siena in the Middle Ages 
Siena in Antiquity 

  Transport in town
Map of Hotels in Siena 
Town Map Siena 

  Transport out of town
Train services 

  Where to Stay
Farm Holidays and Country Houses  
Residence, Apartments 
Bed & Breakfasts 
Historical Residences 

Reservation Services Siena 
Last Minute Siena 

  Where to eat and drink
Disco Dancing 
Pubs & Wine Bar 

Siena University 
University for Foreigners 

  Art and monuments
Palazzo Piccolomini and Palazzo delle Papesse 
Palazzo Chigi-Saracini 
Palazzo d’Elci degli Alessi 
Loggia della Mercanzia 
Palazzo Sansedoni 
Palazzo Chigi-Zondadari 
Fonte Gaia fountain 
Carthusian Monastery of Pontignano  
Forte di Santa Barbara 

  Art and religion
Church of Sant’Agostino 
The Duomo – The Cathedral of the Assunta 
Church of the Osservanza  
The Oratory of San Bernardino 
Church of San Francesco 
Short Biography of St Catherine of Siena  
St Catherine Sanctuary 
Church of S. Niccolò al Carmine 

  Museums and galleries
The Museo Civico 
Bologna-Buonsignori museum 
Accademia dei Fisiocritici 
I Musei Senesi 

  Art and tourist attractions
Cappella di Piazza 
The Palazzo Pubblico and the Torre del Mangia 
Piazza del Campo 
The Montagnola Senese and the Fortified Village of Sovicille 
The Castles of Belcaro and Quattro Torri 


  The Palio of Siena
The Origins 
The July and August Palio 
The Contrade 
The Days of the Palio 
The Drappellone 
The Eve of the Palio 
The Corteo Storico Procession 
The Race 
The Patron Saint and Oratory of Each Contrada 
Weekly Appointments in each Contrada from April onwards 

Via di Città (formerly Via Galgaria), Siena’s Most Elegant Street 
Croce del Travaglio Place 
From Piazza del Campo to the Duomo Along Via di Città 
The Curves of Piazza del Campo 
Costarella dei Barbieri street 
Borgo d’Ovile 
The Terzo of Camollia – main streets 
Casato di Sopra e Casato di Sotto 
Terzo di San Martino district  
The Terzo di Città District - Via Stalloreggi, Via San Quirico 
The Terzo di Città District – The Pinacoteca Nazionale 

  What to see & do
Wedding in Siena 
Golf courses in Siena and Tuscany 
Wedding in Tuscany - Siena area 
San Casciano dei Bagni 
Chianciano Terme 
Bagni San Filippo 
Bagno Vignoni 
Rapolano Terme - Baths of San Giovanni and Baths of the Antica Querciolaia 
The Countryside around Siena and its Thermal Water Springs 

  Monte Amiata
Monte Amiata - nature tourism the year round 
SkiPass Monte Amiata 
WebCam sul Monte Amiata 
Meteo Monte Amiata 

  Specials - Out of town
Gift Ideas for traveling 
The Val d’Orcia and Its Main Towns 
Pienza - the old town centre 
Montepulciano - the old town centre 
San Quirico d’Orcia - the old town centre 
Montalcino and the Land of Brunello 
The Abbey of Monte Oliveto Maggiore and the Crete 
The Crete Senesi 
Castellina in Chianti and the Via Chiantigiana Towards Siena 
Siena and Southern Chianti - from the Castle of Montalto to the Castle of Brolio and on to the Castle of Meleto 
The Chianti Hills - Monte Calvo, Monte Luco and Monte San Michele 
Cortona and the Valdichiana 
San Gimignano - The old town centre and its major sights 
The Val d’Elsa - Monteriggioni and Colle di Val d’Elsa 
Along the Old Via Francigena 

  Typical products
Typical Tuscan flavours 
Oleum Evo online selling 
Sapori Tipici Italiani buy online now 
il Prosciutto Cotto